Summary: Abortions may lead to low birth weight and
preterm birth in subsequent pregnancies.
Women with a
history of induced abortions had an increased risk of experiencing
preterm births and giving birth to low birth weight infants. This
risk also increased if the number of abortions increased.
According to a recent study, about
75% of all women who go through an abortion every year will wish to
or will get pregnant again in the future. These women need to know
the risks associated with abortion, not only for the sake of their
own health, but also for their future reproductive potential. A
recent study was conducted in order to review the risk of infants
being born prematurely, with a low birth weight, or being too small
for their gestational age among women who have a history of
abortions (“induced termination”). Researchers found that women in
the study who chose an induced termination of their pregnancy were
inherently different from women who continued with their pregnancy
in that they were at risk for several pregnancy and childbirth
complications. More specifically, a number of women in the study
with a history of abortions were reported to experience pre-term
births or give birth to infants with low birthweight. This risk also
increased in women who had more than one abortion performed.
According to the study, the reason for this risk could be anything
from infection from the previous abortion(s), trauma to the woman’s
cervix leading to cervical difficulties, and/or scar tissue in the
cervix following the abortion procedure. The authors have also noted
that more research is needed in order to answer some more important
questions about the risk of abortions on future pregnancy.1
termination of pregnancy and low birthweight and preterm birth: a
systematic review and meta-analyses, BJOG: An International
Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 2009, pp. 1425-1442.