Summary: Induced Abortion a Factor in Preterm Birth
A prior first trimester induced
abortion has been found to be an irreversible risk factor associated
with preterm birth.
The Institute of
Medicine (IOM) published a book, “Preterm Birth: Causes,
Consequences, and Prevention,” detailing the most up-to-date
information available about preterm births. In 2004, 12.5% of births
in the United States were preterm (born at less than 37 completed
weeks of gestation). Infants born preterm are at greater risk than
infants born at term for mortality and various health and
developmental problems. The IOM lists irreversible medical risk
factors associated with preterm birth, and “prior first trimester
induced abortion” is listed third among other risk factors that
increase the risk of having a subsequent preterm birth.
Medical Risk Factors Associated with Preterm Birth.
Preterm Birth: Causes, Consequences, and Prevention. Institute of
Medicine, 2007, pp. 625.